【走近国会】 Select committees 特别委员会

2017-8-10 12:22 | 查看(385)

特别委员会是由不同党派国会议员组成的小组。特别委员会针对特别的议题,进行深入讨论,倾听新西兰民众对议题的看法。

Select committees are small groups of Members of Parliament (MPs) from different political parties.  They work together to look at issues in detail and offer everyone in a New Zealand a chance to have their say.



目前,有13个特别委员会。每一个委员会都着眼于不同的议题,包括卫生健康问题、教育问题、犯罪问题、住房问题以及商业发展问题。此外,还有4个专家委员会,行使专门的职能为国会提供支持。

There are currently 13 subject select committees. Each focuses on different issues that affect New Zealanders including health, education, crime, housing, and commerce. There are also four specialist committees that have specific administrative roles to support Parliament.

 

委员会的人数不尽相同,通常在6-12人之间。每个政党在委员会中所占人数取决于该政党在国会中议席的比例。

Committees vary in size, but tend to have between 6–12 members. The number of committee members from each political party reflects the number of MPs that party has in Parliament overall.


 Subject select committees 调查提案中所提出的法律修改部分,审核政府的花销,同时也对请愿进行考量。他们同样对特定领域的主题进行调查,调查国际公约,直接与和议题相关的机构组织联络。

Subject select committees examine proposed changes to the law, review Government spending, and consider petitions. They may also hold inquiries in their specific subject area, examine international treaties, and engage directly with organisations from within their sector.


委员会听取与议题相关的专家的建议,并邀请公众提供意见,从而做出明智的决定。通过提交意见书,让民众有机会发表自己的看法,帮助国会议员更深入地了解一项法律法规改变有可能对民众的生活所造成的影响。

Committees often seek advice from subject-matter experts and invite submissions from the public, to help them make informed decisions. Submitting gives you a chance to have your say and helps MPs understand how a law change could affect you and other New Zealanders.

 

每个人都可以向特别委员会提交意见书,包括儿童和外国人。您可以通过国会网站递交电子意见书,也可以邮寄书面意见书。您还可以参加委员会的会议,通过当面和国会议员交谈的方式,说出您的意见。

Anyone can make a submission to a select committee—even children or people who aren’t from New Zealand. You can make a submission electronically on the Parliament website or send a letter. You can also attend a committee meeting to speak to the MPs in person.

点击这里登录 国会网站

当委员会收到意见书之后,他们会详尽地进行调查,并以报告的行使将委员会的调查意见递交给国会。

When they’ve heard from submitters, and considered the issue thoroughly, the committee reports back to the House of Representatives with its recommendations.

 

当每一个人的声音都能够被听见时,才能最大化地让民主发挥作用。如果你想了解更多关于特别委员会的信息以及哪些方面的问题可以提出意见书,可以点击查看相关的网页

Democracy works best when everyone has a voice. If you want to find out more about select committees or have a look at what issues are open for submission, check out our website.